General or Other | Orthopaedics (Medicine Field)


Orthopaedics is the study of the human musculoskeletal system. The branch of medicine that deals with the prevention or correction of injuries or disorders of the skeletal system and associated muscles, joints, and ligaments.


Orthopaedic doctors (also called Orthopaedists or Orthopaeds) specialize in diagnosis and treatment of problems of the musculoskeletal system.

Orthopaedics is the specialty that includes the amount of clinical diagnosis, prevention and treatment of surgical and non-surgical and pathology rehabilitation for patients with congenital and those who acquire, traumatic and non traumatic functional alterations of the locomotors system and its structures.

The musculoskeletal system includes: bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, muscles, and nerves. It is a main branch of surgery. A number of professions offer non-surgical treatment options for many orthopaedic problems, such as: physiotherapy, chiropractic, occupational therapy, podiatry, and kinesiology. Conditions requiring medication or surgical intervention are managed by orthopaedic surgeons and podiatric surgeons.

Symptoms and Diseases

Common conditions which require an orthopaedist include: fractures and dislocations, torn ligaments, sprains and strains, tendon injuries, pulled muscles and bursitis, ruptured disks, sciatica, low back pain and scoliosis, knock knees, bow legs, bunions and hammer toes, arthritis and osteoporosis, bone tumours, muscular dystrophy and cerebral palsy, club foot and unequal leg length, abnormalities of the fingers and toes and growth abnormalities.

Diagnosis, Treatment and Benefits

Rehabilitation is the set of procedures to help a person achieve the fullest physical, psychological, social, vocational and educational support. Rehabilitation produces multiple interventions aimed at both, the cause and effects of injury and disease. ...