General or Other | Pathology (Medicine Field)
Pathology is the precise study and diagnosis of disease. Pathologies is synonymous with diseases. The suffix – path - is used to indicate a disease, e. g. psychopath. Pathology addresses 4 components of disease: cause/aetiology, mechanisms of development (pathogenesis), structural alterations of cells (morphologic changes), and the consequences of changes (clinical manifestations). Pathology is further separated into divisions, based on either the system being studied (e. g. veterinary pathology and animal disease) or the focus of the examination (e. g. forensic pathology and determining the cause of death).
General pathology is a broad and complex scientific field which seeks to understand the mechanisms of injury to cells and tissues, as well as the bodys means of responding to and repairing injury. Areas of study include cellular adaptation to injury, necrosis, and inflammation, wound healing, and neoplasia. It forms the foundation of pathology, the application of this knowledge to diagnose diseases in humans and animals. The term general pathology is also used to describe the practice of both anatomical and clinical pathology.
Today, pathologists are discovering new diseases, examining exotic diseases that enter the country, and working on a solution to cure diseases such as AIDS, HIV, Herpes, cancer, and more. Thus the evolution of pathology is evidence of the real value of science, which lies in its ability to continually research and develop new methods while giving credit to those who originally developed the idea. ...