Fitness & Sports Medicine

General or Other | Fitness & Sports Medicine (Medicine Field)


Sports medicine is a branch of medicine that deals with physical fitness, treatment and prevention of injuries related to sports and exercise. Although sports teams have employed Team physicians for many years, it is only since the late 20th century that Sport and Exercise Medicine has emerged as a distinct entity in healthcare.


Having a career in sports medicine involves working with generally healthy or active people in two major areas: Lifestyle improvement or performance enhancement and Injury prevention or recovery. The goal of sports medicine professionals is to help individuals to achieve optimal health and performance goals.

Diagnosis, Treatment and Benefits

The concept of Exercise as Health tool is becoming increasingly important. Medical evaluation of patients co-morbidities is made by performing exercise testing and providing an exercise prescription, together with a motivational programme and exercise classes.

Physical fitness comprises two related concepts: general fitness (a state of health and well-being), and specific fitness (a task-oriented Description based on the ability to perform specific aspects of sports or occupations). Physical fitness is generally achieved through correct nutrition, exercise, and enough rest. In current contexts, physical fitness is considered a measure of the body’s ability to function efficiently and effectively in work and leisure activities, to be healthy, to resist hyperkinetic diseases, and to meet emergency situations.

The benefits of being physically active are many and include: reduced risk of obesity, reduced risk of heart disease, diabetes, reduced risk of cancer, muscle and bone health and mental health. ...