Neurology


Head | Neurology (Medicine Field)


Description

Neurology is a branch of medicine concerned with the structure, functions, and diseases of the nervous system. It deals with the diagnosis and treatment of all categories of disease involving the central, peripheral, and autonomic nervous systems, including their coverings, blood vessels, and all effectors tissue, such as muscle.

Specialization

Neurologists are responsible for the diagnosis, treatment, and management of all the conditions mentioned above. When surgical intervention is required, the neurologist may refer the patient to a neurosurgeon.

Symptoms and Diseases

In addition to dealing with physical disorders (e. g. tumours, trauma), neurology is unique among medical specialties in its intersection with psychiatry. Neurological diseases often have psychiatric manifestations, such as post-stroke depression, depression and dementia associated with Parkinsons disease, mood and cognitive dysfunctions in Alzheimers disease and Huntington disease, to name a few. Greater understanding of the brain chemistry of disorders such as schizophrenia and depression has led to a wide array of effective drugs that nevertheless work best in conjunction with psychotherapy.

Neurological diseases can affect both young and elderly people. Many of our capabilities (the movement, memory and thinking, language, etc. ) can be degraded very seriously, therefore many patients are prevented from performing even the most basic activities of their daily living, very often causing disability and dependence. Side effects of drug or surgical therapy can be very serious, and many nervous system disorders have no effective treatment.

Diagnosis, Treatment and Benefits

Neurologists diagnose and determine treatment by examining brain and neck nerves, muscle strength, movement, balance, reflexes and patients speech. The most common diagnostic tests performed by a neurologist include the CAT scan, MRI and spinal tap. ...