Sleep disorders

General or Other | General Practice | Sleep disorders (Disease)


Sleep disorders are a common symptom of many mental and somatic disorders (e. g. depression, or somatic conditions that cause pain) and can be associated with taking certain medications. Primary sleep disorder is the disorder that seems to be independent of any somatic or mental condition known.

There is great variability in the normal time required for a person to feel alert. For most people sleep begins within 30 minutes after creating an atmosphere that promotes sleep and can last from 4 to 10 hours.

Causes and Risk Factors

The essential characteristic of common insomnia disorder is difficulty initiating or maintaining sleep or not feeling rested after sleeping properly. Disruption occurs at least 3 times a week for at least 1 month and can be serious enough to be accompanied by irritability or affect the job. There are three types of insomnia: insomnia related to another mental disorder, insomnia related to a known biological factor and primary insomnia.

Insomnia is associated with various non-specific complaints such as mood, memory and concentration. It is more common in people with high levels of stress and psychopathology. It seems that people who have no awareness of their emotions are more likely to develop hypersomnia. Sleepiness during the day is represented by a tendency to sleep very quickly (within 5 minutes) to almost any time of the day, even after a normal period or prolonged sleep during the night. The person falls asleep at work, unintentionally while driving a vehicle or attending a social gathering. Sleep attacks are sudden moments of irresistible sleep. Sleepwalking is very likely if the person is tired or suffering from stress.

Diagnosis and treatment

Although some sleep disorders may require a visit to the doctor, many sleep problems can be improved by the same patient. The first step to overcome a sleep problem is the identification and careful monitoring of symptoms and sleep habits. ...