Throat | Otorhinolaryngology | Sore throat (Disease)
Tonsillitis is an infection or inflammation of the tonsils. Tonsils are masses of lymphoid tissue situated on either side of the neck, above and behind the tongue, part of the immune system of the organism. The main risk factor for tonsillitis is close contact with an infected person.
Droplets containing infectious pathogens get into the air when an infected person breathes, coughs or sneezes, infection occurs by breathing air containing the infectious particles. Infection can also occur if pathogens get on skin or on objects that come into contact with mouth, nose, eyes or other mucous membranes. Nasal obstruction causes a type oral breathing, which increases the risk of tonsillitis. Although there is clear evidence indicating involvement in the production of smoke tonsillitis, there was an increased incidence of the surgical procedure to remove tonsils in children exposed to cigarette smoke.
Causes and Risk factors
Sore throat can be caused by angina (infected tonsils), a local irritation related to overwork vocal cord, or external factors as dust, dry air or cigarette smoke. The main causes of the tonsillitis are viral and bacterial. The bacteria most commonly implicated in causing tonsillitis is group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus (SBHGA), which also produces streptococcal angina.
Other causes of tonsillitis, rare in people with healthy immune systems may be the parasitic and fungal infections. Although there is clear evidence indicating involvement in the production of smoke tonsillitis, there was an increased incidence of this surgical procedure to remove tonsils in children exposed to the cigarette smoke.
Most of the throat irritation are caused by viral infections. They are manifested by sore throat, itching, pain on swallowing. This situation is worse in the morning but improves during the day. The pain can be caused by diseases pharynx, larynx, tonsils. These are characteristic neck but can be more serious problems occurring in other parts of the respiratory system leading to acute bronchitis.
Diagnosis and Treatment
Pain-killers, sold without prescription, like ibuprofen or paracetamol may relieve pain temporarily, but infusions soothes and often faster irritation or burning throat. ...