Sprain


General or Other | Orthopaedics | Sprain (Disease)


Description

Calf sprain occurs when ligaments that connect the bones of the foot and calf are twisted. Although frequent ankle sprains are not always minor injuries. About 25% of those who make an ankle sprain will present long term joint pain and some tenderness.

Early symptoms of often excruciating to get better within one hour. Many people feel or hear when the feeling of breaking the ligament sprains or a click. If a sprain does not heal properly, ankle joint will be prone to another injury. This occurs in a minor, as the descent of the slopes or walking on a paved surface. Some people experience pain and swelling that persists.

Joint injuries range from simple stretching or minor twists to severe twisting of ligaments. It will be a staging of the lesion by a physician: First dregree is stretching or a small tear of the ligaments, showing a slight tenderness, edema (swelling of the ankle) and stiffness. You walk with a little pain. Second degree is a higher ligament tear but not total pain, swelling and bruising (bruising) moderate. Damaged areas are sensitive to palpation and no pain when walking. Level III is complete ligament rupture accompanied by swelling and bruising affected severely. The course is often impossible because the ankle can move outside and there is lots of pain, although initial pain may decrease immediately.

Causes and Risk factors

Ankle sprains occur when ligaments that connect the bones of the foot and lower leg are stretched or torn. A lesion on inversion, the most common cause of ankle sprain, occurs when the ankle is rotated outward and the foot is brought inside. It follows stretching or tearing ligaments in the leg outside. In a high ankle sprain, a type rarely ankle sprain, ligaments outside the upper and lower leg are also twisted, increasing the severity of sprains and healing time. In a lesion through eversion, ankle and foot rotates inside out, damaging the inside of the joint ligaments.

Diagnosis and Treatment

A history and physical exam will be performed. A X-ray may be done to rule out a bony injury. A MRI is needed to identify the specific ligament injury and to determine the severity of the damage.

Most sprains require only a brief period of immobilization. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications (ibuprofen, naproxen) and acetaminophen may be prescribed. More significant injuries may benefit from physical therapy. ...