Swelling of the eyelids

Eyes | General Practice | Swelling of the eyelids (Disease)


Swelling of the eyelids/blepharitis affects the skin of the eyelids, and it usually involves the lid margins. It occurs when tiny oil glands located near the base of the eyelashes malfunction allowing bacterial overgrowth to occur. The eyelids become inflamed, irritated and itchy.

Causes and Risk factors

In people with blepharitis, too much oil is produced by the glands near the eyelid. The exact reason for this problem is not known. Blepharitis is more likely to be seen with: a skin condition called seborrheic dermatitis or seborrhea, which often involves the scalp, eyebrows, eyelids, behind the ears, and creases of the nose; allergies and lice that affect the eyelashes (less common); excess growth of the bacteria that are normally found on the skin; rosacea - a skin condition that makes the face turn red.

It may be linked to repeated styes and chalazia.

Diagnosis and Treatment

If you are prone to this eyelid problem, then proper eye care is a must. Never touch the eyes with dirty hands and thus you can prevent the infections to some extent. You should also take some precautionary measures if you apply eye makeup. Apply makeup only at the outer edge, do not share your cosmetics with others and most importantly, remove makeup before you are retiring for the day. ...