Synovitis (toxic or transient)

General or Other | Orthopaedics | Synovitis (toxic or transient) (Disease)


Toxic synovitis is a condition affecting children and causing hip and limb pain. Toxic synovitis occurs in children before the start of puberty. Boys are affected more often than girls.

Symptoms tend to start fast over one year to three days, and usually resolve in the days after. These symptoms are very similar to a septic joint, or infected hip. Symptoms include hip pain, hip pain, knee pain, fever. Apart from the hip discomfort in some cases hardly seems ill child. Transient synovitis of the hip joint is a condition occurring in childhood causes of hip pain.

Causes and Risk factors

The cause of transient synovitis is not well understood, but it may be related to a viral disease in children. Transient synovitis tends to occur in young children aged between 2 and 9 years. Transient synovitis causes inflammation and pain around the hip joint.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Toxic synovitis is diagnosed when other more serious diseases are excluded, such as septic hip disease and other such diseases. Tests that can be used to diagnose toxic synovitis include hip ultrasound, x-rays to hip, C-reactive protein, complete blood count. These tests may be performed to rule out other causes of hip pain.

Treatment often includes activities that are limited to increased comfort of the status. Yet there is no danger in carrying out normal activities. The doctor may prescribe NSAIDs for pain relief.

Bacterial infections of the hip joint are more serious and may require surgery to treat the infection. Therefore, any child with a limb or hip pain should be carefully evaluated by a doctor to determine the cause of their symptoms. The most important part of diagnosis is to ensure this is not a bacterial infection in hip joint. Blood tests can be done to assess the markers of infection and inflammation. Unfortunately, the results of these studies are similar in both synovitis and infection. ...

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