Thyroid cancer

Neck | Oncology | Thyroid cancer (Disease)


Thyroid cancer occurs when abnormal cells begin to develop in the thyroid gland, which has a butterfly and is located in front of the neck. The thyroid gland produces hormones that regulate the use of energy and help the body to function normally. Cancer can give a variety of symptoms including: Increase in volume swelling of the neck, the most common symptom; pain in the neck or ears sometimes; difficulty swallowing; difficulty breathing or wheezing; hoarseness in the absence of cold; cough continues without the presence of cold. Some people may be totally asymptomatic. Thyroid cancer is usually discovered before disseminating to distance, which signifies a normal life after treatment.

Causes and Risk factors

Thyroid cancer is a rare form of cancer. Most cases evolve well because thyroid cancer is detected early and treated efficiently. Experts do not know the exact cause of thyroid cancer, but we know that those exposed to multiple environmental and radiation both by medical therapy, have a higher risk of developing this cancer.

Diagnosis and Treatment

An x-ray will not increase the risk of cancer. But treatment of previously irradiated head, neck or chest (especially during childhood) can increase chances of getting cancer. Irradiation was used between 1920 and 1950 for treating acne or enlarged tonsils, but now no longer used to treat benign diseases. One of thyroid cancer called medullary thyroid cancer is hereditary. Can be inherited a certain gene that increases the risk of thyroid cancer.

Thyroid cancer includes surgical intervention, radioiodine therapy, treatment with thyroid hormone in rare cases radio or chemotherapy. Once treated recurrent thyroid cancer is rare. Before starting treatment to be found precisely which of the five types of thyroid cancer is present. ...