Tonsillar infection, Tonsillectomy
Throat | Otorhinolaryngology | Tonsillar infection, Tonsillectomy (Disease)
Acute tonsillitis is an infection of the tonsils caused by one of several possible types of bacteria or viruses. Chronic tonsillitis is a persistent infection of the tonsils and can cause tonsil stone formation. Symptoms of tonsil or adenoid infection include sore throat, fever, bad breath, difficulty swallowing, and swollen glands in the front of the neck.
Causes and Risk factors
Tonsillitis (pronounced ton-sil-lie-tiss) is an inflammatory condition of the tonsils due to bacteria, allergies or respiratory problems. When inflamed, tonsils become red and swollen with a grayish or yellowish coating on its surface.
Tonsillitis usually begins with a sudden sore throat followed by pain when swallowing. Tonsillitis causes tonsils and throat tissues to swell obstructing air from passing in and out of the respiratory system.
Diagnosis and Treatment
Tonsillectomy is the surgical removal of tonsils. Tonsillectomy is indicated in cases of chronic or repeated tonsillar infection or hypertrophic tonsils you prevent breathing. Development and convalescence - surgery is performed under general anesthesia of short duration. Sometimes takes 24 hours after surgery, throat bleeding occur, the patient must remain in position when lying down, lying on one side, easy to swallow. Pain in throat and ear, common, often requiring the administration of analgesic. A liquid diet is given to the patient. pain swallowing during meals can persist over about 2-3 weeks. Full cure is achieved normally in two weeks. If bleeding occurs later, is necessary to consult a doctor promptly. Tonsillectomy generally takes 45 minutes and is recommended to be performed under general anesthesia. Most children are under observation only the day of surgery, but children younger than 3 years and patients suffering from sleep apnea or other conditions, is likely to have complications after surgery and remains hospitalized. The first day, bed rest is required. In adults, the rest can last until the fifth day after surgery, when detached crusts and then the risk of bleeding. However, all who pass through this surgery should drink plenty of liquids at room temperature to prevent dehydration. Side effects after surgery can be high-pitched voice, nasal congestion, sore throat, painful swallowing. On long term, patients are prone to infection.
If surgery is necessary to very young, 2, 3 years, it is true that there is risk of various respiratory infections, but this risk is not as great as many imagine parents. However, we try to keep as much as tonsils. And after surgery, the baby must not come into contact with dangerous germs. Speaking of intervention rather classic laser surgery, laser was found that spraying the tonsils can lead to chronic infection deeper into the amygdala. In other words, surgery with scalpel is the best in this case. ...