Tonsillitis and adenoids

Throat | Otorhinolaryngology | Tonsillitis and adenoids (Disease)


Tonsils and adenoids are composed of tissues that are similar to the lymph nodes or glands. Acute tonsillitis is an infection of the tonsils caused by one of several possible types of bacteria or viruses. Chronic tonsillitis is a persistent infection of the tonsils and can cause tonsil stone formation.

Symptoms of tonsil or adenoid infection include sore throat, fever, bad breath, difficulty swallowing, and swollen glands in the front of the neck.

Adenoid is a disease of the upper airway inflammation that is defined by pharyngeal Lushka amygdala. This is part of the circle of lymphoid tissue known as Waldeyers ring. Adenoidian tissue hypertrophy results in the appearance of masses 2-3 cm in diameter, occupying cavumul (the upper arch of the nasopharynx), interfere with the passage of air through the nasal passages so it obstruates medial openings of the Eustachian tube (is a pipe that connects middle ear and nasal passages, plays a role in equalizing air pressure on both sides of the eardrum). Adenoid know the following classification: Adenoid acute; Adenoid subacute; Adenoid chronic relapsing.

The subacute adenoid is repetitive and train (2-3 weeks). Of clinically characterized by fever that lasts 2-3 weeks, occurs in bursts of low grade fever or showing episode continuously extended. They are tenacious, refractory to treatment and is the opposite type. Weight curve is stationary or may even reach dystrophy. If the adenoid inflammation is acute, sometimes the amygdala throat Lushka effusion can occur isolated or associated to rhinitis and / or angina. Onset is sudden or rapidly progressive and frequently associated febrile episode (high of 39-40 C), febrile convulsions, loss of appetite (loss of the appetite), sometimes diarrhea.

Causes and Risk factors

Adenoid is a particularly common condition in infants and young children (and adults can occur exceptionally) and is caused by microbial or viral infection of the glandular tissue of the nasal-pharyngeal region. The acute form begins with an episode of febrile disease, difficulty in breathing, snoring. The disease, lead to chronic adenoid known among the general population with the term nasal polyps (vegetative formations).

Diagnosis and Treatment

Characteristic of this form of disease is the patients mouth and breathing frequently during sleep always snore. Clinical examination of the patient accompanied by a special investigation - OR will help him diagnose.

Treatment addresses the chronic form of disease and aims to improve the possible side effects of the disease.

Virally transmitted infections do not respond to any currently known antibiotics. If tonsillitis is caused by a virus, do not use antibiotics for any reason. Virally transmitted tonsillitis may completely heal on its own within a week. Your body develops antibodies that fight off the infection quickly.

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