Total hip replacement

Pelvis | Orthopaedics | Total hip replacement (Disease)


A hip fracture is a serious injury, particularly if the person injured is old, and complications can be life-threatening. Most hip fractures occur in people older than 65.

Causes and Risk factors

Hip fractures in the elderly are most often caused by a fall, usually a seemingly insignificant fall. In younger patients with stronger bones, more common causes of a broken hip include high-energy injuries such as car accidents. Hip fractures can also be caused by bone weakened from tumor or infection, a problem called a pathologic fracture.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Total hip replacement is an operation aimed at replacing the damaged hip joint. This operation is used for most patients who have injured the hip joints, they cause chronic discomfort and significantly disabled. Successful replacement of the hip joint with damaged or severe injuries contributed to increased mobility and comfort, the acquisition of independent living for people who could have major handicaps.

New technology involving prosthetic devices for hip replacement with surgical processes produce risk mitigation techniques related to surgery and improve immediate and long-term results of surgical practice balance. But questions persist regarding the best materials and concepts to achieve practical devices to particular groups of patients reported in terms of surgical techniques and rehabilitation therapies with increased efficiency in the development of long-term results bume.

There are problems in terms of best directions and approaches to prosthesis revision surgery. First total hip replacement is the most widely used method of replacing damaged joints caused by osteoarthritis. Other indications include, but are not limited to rheumatoid arthritis, vascular necrosis, traumatic arthritis, hip fractures, benign and malignant bone tumors, artists associated with Padgets disease, spondylitis and juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Total hip replacement goals are to reduce pain and improve motor function.

These treatments include the use of anti-inflammatory drugs and analgesics, physical therapy, use of walking aid and reduced physical activity that causes pain. ...

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