Tourette syndrome

General or Other | Neurology | Tourette syndrome (Disease)


Tourette Syndrome is a neurological condition that makes the sick to make sounds or unusual movements over which no control. For example, it might flicker repeatedly to raise the shoulders or his head unintentionally. In rare cases, people with Tourette syndrome obsecene shouted words. The disease occurs more often in boys than girls and usually disappears as the child grows.

Symptoms can range from mild to very severe and most famous of them is metric. Usually the first sign of disease is a facial tic such as eye blinking, but while others may occur. Tics possible range is varied and no cases identical. Can be verbal or motor tics and can be classified into two groups: Simple tics are brief, repetitive, unexpected and involves a small number of muscles. Complex tics are distinct, coordinated patterns of movement involving many groups muscles. Tics may vary as type, frequency or severity over time, the same patients. They may become more frequent and severe during periods of anxiety, fatigue, stress, illness, convalescence, excitability.

Symptoms are at their best in adolescence and usually decrease in intensity in adulthood. With some effort and the intense concentration some patients may refrain from performing tics, at least until they find a secluded spot in which to manifest, but it takes practice and can be done in time.

Causes and Risk factors

The exact cause of Tourette syndrome is not known and there is no way to prevent it. Perhaps that is a combination of genetics and environment influence the child grows. There are several theories about the causes of disease.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Theres no cure for Tourette syndrome. Treatment is intended to help control tics that interfere with everyday activities and functioning. When tics arent severe, treatment may be unnecessary.

No medication is helpful to everyone with Tourette syndrome, none completely eliminates symptoms, and they all have side effects to be weighed against the benefits. However, some medications can be used to help control or minimize tics or to control symptoms of related conditions, such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).

Psychotherapy can be helpful for two reasons. It can help with accompanying problems, such as ADHD, obsessions, depression and anxiety. Therapy can also help people cope with Tourette syndrome. Deep brain stimulation. For debilitating tics that dont respond to other treatment, deep brain stimulation (DBS) may help. DBS consists of implanting a battery-operated medical device. ...