Toxemia (preeclampsia)

Abdomen | Obstetrics and Gynaecology | Toxemia (preeclampsia) (Disease)


Doctors are often asked about a very common problem associated with pregnancy, called preeclampsia, once called toxemia. The symptoms of the preeclampsia are: Headache;Blurring of vision;Swelling of the face or hands;Rapid weight gain;Pain in upper right abdomen;Less than normal urination. Many of these symptoms are associated with normal pregnancies.

The most common sign of disease: an increase in blood pressure. In some cases, voltage 130/80 may be indicator of preeclampsia, while other cases may not be diagnosed only when the voltage reaches much higher. The reason for this variation is that each woman has her own blood pressure. Some women have their blood 90/60. For them, voltage 130/80 represents a significant change. By contrast, if blood in early pregnancy would be 130/80, then adjust the voltage level at which preeclampsia is suspected. Simply put, if the maximum increase of 30 or 15 minimum increase over baseline values, appropriate to take into account a general preeclampsie. In diagnosis of preeclampsia is a disease that manifests in the second half of pregnancy, especially in recent weeks ahead of schedule. In a small number of patients, especially those with risk factors (those above), can start much earlier.

Causes and Risk factors

Preeclampsia occurs when blood pressure increases a woman and affects seven percent of all pregnancies in the world. Most often affects mothers at first child (heifers) and women carrying twins or have tasks multiple.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Preeclampsia is a vexing problem for obstetricians. Many researchers have devoted valuable life work to find a treatment for this disease because of potential dangers they pose to mother and baby. When a doctor discuss with parents about preeclampsia, begins by describing

For the proper diagnosis, the physician must consider all patient data, not to rely on these few symptoms. If the doctor suspects that a patient has preeclampsia, he will recommend a series of blood tests, including a complete blood count and liver and kidney tests. If the number of platelets is less than or results of other tests are abnormal, these results help establish a diagnosis. ...