Toxic shock syndrome

General or Other | General Practice | Toxic shock syndrome (Disease)


Toxic shock syndrome is a rare disease but still quite fatal. This syndrome can affect both women and men or children.

If the body does not deal with these toxins, occurs immune system reaction that causes symptoms of Toxic Shock. Toxic shock and has appeared in the 1970s and was correlated with increased superabsorbent tampons. After research, have been created other pads and also settled other usage rules such as frequent changes of buffer.

The symptoms are clear and require urgent medical care alert: dizziness and fainting; vomiting and diarrhea; high fever; rash all over (sun burns); the internal organs do not work with have (become lazy); muscle pain; eyes, throat and vagina have a bright red.

Causes and Risk factors

Toxic shock syndrome is a disease that affects the entire body. There are two bacteria which can trigger the syndrome: Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes. These bacteria produce toxins (reacts as poison).

Most cases were diagnosed in young women and is triggered due to the use of tampons. But it is not mandatory because the diaphragm and the sponge, these contraceptive methods, the barrier that many women use them, have been associated with TSS. Less commonly the disease broke out after vaginal lesions caused by surgery or injury where the skin has been damaged and allowed bacteria to enter.

Since then cases of TSS have declined a lot and now it was found that the illness of Toxic Shock Syndrome is due to menstruation.

Other causes of TSS can be cells and infections such as chickenpox. Other cases have been reported following abortion, the birth, the surgery and the use of tampons for nosebleeds, the latter being very rare. Incubating the virus is 2-3 days after infection. This may vary depending on the cause infection.

Diagnosis and Treatment

TSS is indeed a medical emergency. Infected person must go to a hospital sooner. Most times the patient is admitted directly to intensive care. ...