Ureaplasma urealyticum infection


General or Other | General Practice | Ureaplasma urealyticum infection (Disease)


Description

Ureaplasma urealyticum is a bacterium that affects the genital tract, can lead to the vulva and vagina, but mild disease, untreated, causes some very serious complications, as annexed, salpingitis, pelvic abscess.

These complications can mean infertility and miscarriage or premature delivery in pregnant women. Also, Ureaplasma can infect the lower urinary tract (urethritis) and upper (kidney stones). Infection occurs through vaginal discharge, itching and irritation of the intimate area.

Causes and Risk factors

Premature babies are at greater risk than the term, can develop pneumonia, meningitis and septicemia. It is not clear if all infected mothers transmit the bacteria to the fetus. Also not known whether Ureaplasma alone can cause miscarriage and premature labor that usually pregnant body was found along with other harmful bacteria.

Bacteria transmission is through sex and, less frequently through the hospital infection and is favored by factors that destroy the normal vaginal flora. Sex with many partners, the existence of IUD, vaginal washes, set the stage for Ureaplasma infection.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Diagnosis may be made only after examination of secretions, and most appropriate treatment is established after antibiogram. Ideally, infection with Ureaplasma is treated before pregnancy to prevent any complications.

Some strains have acquired resistance to common antibiotics and treatment can be quite cumbersome. Among women with vaginal bleeding, 82% are infected with Ureaplasma. Besides that causes bleeding, the bacterium is transmitted by fetal placenta, leading to corio-amniotitic and miscarriage, premature birth, neonatal infection.

However, it was found that antenatal treatment with antibiotics reduces the risk of preterm labor 50% and thus a premature birth. Any treatment is attempted, it is useless unless it receives and partner. He can be infected even if no symptoms, because males are less obvious manifestations. However, this does not mean that bacteria would be dangerous for them. ...