Urinary Tract Infections in Children
Pelvis | Paediatrics | Urinary Tract Infections in Children (Disease)
Urinary tract infection is an infection of the urinary tract, which consists of all bodies containing urine (ureters, bladder, urethra, kidney).
The signs and symptoms include: Young children and infants may be fussy, may have vomiting and diarrhea;Infants are inappetence (lack of appetite) or weight increase corresponding age; dysuria (burning on urination) or polyuria (increased number of normal micturition); Frequent urination feeling but remove a very small urine volume; Urinary incontinence, often;may appear low back pain, pain around the navel or fever over a long period of time;may be foul smelling urine, cloudy or unusual color or contains blood. Infections are called high urinary and kidney infections or pyelonephritis.
Most symptoms are identical to those of lower urinary tract infections: children may have fever and chills; can cause back pain, just below the ribs; also feature, vomiting, fatigue and apathy. The symptoms not improve to 2-3 days after the first dose of antibiotic; Urinary tract infections are cured with proper treatment, in about a week. Untreated infections can lead to severe impaired renal .
The incidence is higher in boys than girls. Boys and young children, urinary infections, when they have a urinary tract disorder. Children who have poor hygiene have a higher risk to urinary tract infections. Uncircumcised boys are more likely to get infections than those with circumcision.
Causes and Riak factors
Causes urinary tract infections are: various bacteria; vesico-ureteral reflux - urine from the bladder ascend in a ureter, which is not physiologically normal; blockage of urine in the urinary tract ; strong soaps or bath foams can irritate the urethra and cause lower urinary infections . The infections are also called bladder infections or cystitis. Children with diseases involving poor bladder emptying, are at increased risk for urinary tract infections.
Diagnosis and Treatment
Children usually are treated in ambulatory . In some cases, children with urinary tract infections should be hospitalized, especially if the children is aged less than 6 months. The doctor will analyze urine macroscopic and a urine culture to confirm infection. Urinary infections are treated with antibiotics. ...