Pelvis | Oncology | Uterine Cancer (Disease)
Uterine body cancer, also called uterine cancer, occurs after 40 years - in 75% of cases after menopause. More frequently in women who had children, it also can occur in women who never had sex.
Evolution of cancer of the endometrium is slow, stretching over several years. Metastases may reach the liver, brain, bones. Surgical treatment consisted in complete ablation of the uterus and ovaries sometimes a neighboring iliac lymph neck dissection. He is sometimes associated, before or after surgery with radiotherapy.
Causes and Risk factors
Risk factors are obesity, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, late menopause. A hyperplasia (thickening) often precedes endometrial cancer. Bleeding tumor is manifest: the woman has reached menopause, it is heavy menstrual flow (menorrhagia) or bleeding especially between menstrual flow (uterine). A woman in menopause is alerted of recurrence bleeding losses.
Risk factors are genital infections, especially herpes and papilloma viruses, which are sexually transmitted diseases, multiplicity of sexual partners, sexual precocity, that he has had more than one child. Typical precancerous lesions (dysplasia) preceding cancer. Sometimes not often manifests with no sign, but any color bleeding or blood loss (after intercourse, between menstrual flows after menopause) are warning signs.
Diagnosis and Treatment
Diagnosis and evolution - cancer of the endometrium is through regular gynecological examination and medical consultation on the slightest vaginal bleeding that occurs after menopause. Diagnosis is made after the radiography after injecting the contrast product) and / or the direct examination of the uterine cavity through a tube equipped with an optical system, which allows to perform a biopsy or uterine curettage.
Prognosis is related to the precocity of diagnosis, guarantee of healing. Cervical cancer is the most common cancers of the female genitalia. He occupies the second place among female cancer after breast cancer. This cancer occurs most often before menopause and in women who had more than one child.
The treatment calls for surgery and radiotherapy, receiving chemotherapy associated or not. In very localized cancers, Conization (cervix amputation) is sometimes enough. ...