Vaginitis, Inflammation Infection within Vagina

Pelvis | Obstetrics and Gynaecology | Vaginitis, Inflammation Infection within Vagina (Disease)


Bacterial vaginitis is a change in the balance of bacteria that are normally present in the vagina, which can cause some bothersome symptoms. Bacterial vaginitis is the most common cause of vaginal symptoms in women of childbearing.

Bacterial vaginitis cause symptoms that are different from those of two other common types of vaginal infection, vaginal infection with trichomonas. It is possible to have more than one type of vaginal infection while.

The most important symptom of bacterial vaginitis is the removal of secretions in excessive amount, foul-smelling, white-gray, unlike normal vaginal discharge. One in three women with bacterial vaginitis describe a yellow discharge. A smell of fish, upsetting, which is usually bad after sex, is the whistle of bacterial vaginitis. However, almost half of women with bacterial vaginitis have no symptoms to attract attention. Bacterial vaginosis does not necessarily determine the occurrence of itching (pruritus)!Other conditions that may present similar symptoms are sexually transmitted diseases, urinary tract infection and vaginal infection.

Causes and Risk factors

Bacterial vaginitis is especially important if the woman is pregnant. During pregnancy, it can lead to occurrence of complications such as miscarriage, premature (preterm) and pelvic infection appeared after birth. Uterine infection is a common cause of premature birth - Bacterial vaginitis can cause this type of infection may be a warning sign of another problem that causes premature birth.

Experts continue to investigate if bacterial vaginitis is caused directly or indirectly. The presence of bacterial vaginitis when a procedure / pelvic invasive techniques (such as cesarean delivery, hysterectomy, abortion clinically, biopsy or placement of an intrauterine device ) increases the risk of pelvic infections. The presence of bacterial vaginitis when exposure to a sexually transmitted disease (including HIV) increases the risk of bacterial infection . Vaginitis that is caused by a loss of balance of microorganisms that normally make up the existing flora in the vagina. Normally, about 95% of vaginal flora consists of bacteria called lactobacilli. Lactobacilli help maintain pH - vaginal low and prevent overgrowth of other microorganisms.

Diagnosis and Treatment

The key to proper treatment is proper diagnosis. Because the causes are varied, the medication prescribed may involve antifungal creams and suppositories, antibiotics, and other prescription drugs. Vaginal creams and vaginal applications are often recommended first rather than oral medication.

Common medications used include metronidazole, doxycycline, azithromycin, and over-the-counter yeast medications.

Some self-care techniques include vinegar douches or sitz baths in a solution of 1 teaspoon of vinegar for every gallon of water, and eating yogurt containing liv...