Broken heart syndrome (takotsubo cardiomyopathy)


Chest | Cardiology | Broken heart syndrome (takotsubo cardiomyopathy) (Disease)


Description

Takotsubo cardiomyopathy, also known as stress cardiomyopathy, or common Broken-heart syndrome is a type of non-ischaemic cardiomyopathy characterized by a sudden temporary weakening of the muscle of the heart called the myocardium. The typical presentation of someone with takotsubo cardiomyopathy is a sudden onset of congestive heart failure.

Broken heart syndrome symptoms can mimic a heart attack. Common symptoms include: chest pain; shortness of breath; an irregular heartbeat; a generalized weakness. Most who experience broken heart syndrome quickly recover and dont have long-lasting effects. However, complications of broken heart syndrome include: disruptions in your heartbeat; a fast or slow heartbeat; backup of fluid into your lungs called pulmonary edema.

Causes and Risk factors

Broken heart syndrome is a temporary heart condition brought on by stressful situations, such as the death of a loved one, a break-up, constant anxiety.

Diagnosis and Treatment

The diagnosis of takotsubo cardiomyopathy may be difficult upon presentation. Physical exam is necessary, as long as investigations as: electrocardiogram, chest x-ray, echocardiogram and blood test.

The treatment of takotsubo cardiomyopathy is generally supportive in nature. Treatment recommendations include intra-aortic balloon pump, fluids, and negative inotropes such as beta blockers or calcium channel blockers....