Burning mouth syndrome

Mouth | Odontologie | Burning mouth syndrome (Disease)


Glossodynia or burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is a condition characterized by a burning or tingling sensation on the lips, tongue, gums, inside of the cheeks, roof of the mouth, or widespread areas of whole mouth.

Moderate to severe burning in the mouth is the main symptom of BMS and can persist for months or years. For many people, the burning sensation begins in late morning, builds to a peak by evening, and often subsides at night. Symptoms of burning mouth syndrome include: a burning sensation that may affect your tongue, lips, gums, palate, throat or whole mouth; a tingling or numb sensation in your mouth or on the tip of your tongue; mouth pain that worsens as the day progresses; a sensation of dry mouth; increased thirst; sore mouth; loss of taste; taste changes, such as a bitter or metallic taste.

Causes and Risk factors

The cause of burning mouth syndrome often cant be determined. Possible causes include nutritional deficiencies, chronic anxiety or depression, type 2 diabetes, menopause, oral disorders such as thrush, oral candidiasis (a fungal infection in the mouth), acid reflux or dry mouth, or damaged nerves.

Complications that burning mouth syndrome may cause are: anxiety, depression, difficulty eating and sleaping.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Depending on the cause of your BMS symptoms, possible treatments may include: adjusting or replacing irritating dentures; treating existing disorders such as Diabetes, Sjögren’s syndrome, or a thyroid problem to improve burning mouth symptoms; recommending supplements for nutritional deficiencies; prescribing medications. ...

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