Cervicitis (inflammation of genital mutilation)
Pelvis | Gynecology | Cervicitis (inflammation of genital mutilation) (Disease)
Cervicitis is an inflammation of the lower, narrow end of your uterus that opens into the vagina called the cervix. Most often, cervicitis causes no signs and symptoms, and the condition is found after a Pap test or a biopsy for another condition. However, symptoms include: abnormal vaginal bleeding; unusual vaginal discharge; painful sexual intercourse; pain in the vagina; pressure or heaviness in the pelvis; frequent, painful urination.
Causes and Risk factors
Cervicitis commonly occurs due to an infection, usually apprehended during sexual activity. Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Herpes virus (genital herpes), Human papilloma virus (genital warts) and Trichomoniasis are sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) that can cause cervicitis. An overgrowth of some of the bacteria that are normally present in the vagina (bacterial vaginosis) also can lead to cervicitis. Non-infectious causes of cervicitis include intrauterine devices, contraceptive diaphragms, and an allergy, either to contraceptive spermicides or to latex in condoms.
Cervicitis thats caused by gonorrhea or Chlamydia can spread to the uterine lining and the fallopian tubes, resulting in pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), an infection of the female reproductive organs.
Diagnosis and Treatment
Diagnosis is made after a physical exam, including pelvic examination and specimen collection.
Treatment involves antibiotics, which are used to treat bacterial infections, such as Chlamydia, gonorrhea, and others and antiviral medication may to treat herpes infections. Being a transmitted diseases, protection sex or abstinence until healing is essential. ...