Chlamydia trachomatis (ets)


Pelvis | General Practice | Chlamydia trachomatis (ets) (Disease)


Description

Chlamydia infection is a well known sexually transmitted infection (STI) in humans that occurs due to the Chlamydia trachomatis bacterium. Chlamydia affects both men and women from all ages, but its most commonly at young women.

In men, Chlamydia may produce symptoms similar to gonorrhea, they may include: burning sensation during urination, discharge from the penis or rectum, testicular tenderness or pain and rectal discharge or pain.

Chlamydia can be associated with: other sexually transmitted infections, pelvic inflammatory disease, infection near the testicles, prostate gland infection, and infections in newborns, infertility, and Reactive Arthritis.

Symptoms that may occur in women include: burning sensation during urination, painful sexual intercourse, rectal pain or discharge, symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease, salpingitis, liver inflammation similar to hepatitis and blood or vaginal discharge.

Causes and Risk factors

Chlamydia is caused by bacteria and is mostly spread through vaginal, oral and anal sex. Its also possible for a mother to spread Chlamydia to her child during delivery, causing Pneumonia or a serious eye infection in her newborn.

If left untreated, it is possible for Chlamydia in men to spread to the testicles causing epididymitis, which in rare cases can cause sterility.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Diagnosis is made after sample of cervical secretion and urine tests.
The usual treatment for Chlamydia is antibiotics. The surest way to prevent a Chlamydia infection is to abstain from sexual activities, using condoms, limiting the number of sex partners, getting regular screenings...