Head | Paediatrics | Dyslexia (Disease)


A person with dyslexia has a condition in which the brain has difficulty translating written letters, or words, into meaningful language. Dyslexia is the most common learning disability in children and persists throughout life. The severity of dyslexia can vary from mild to severe. The sooner dyslexia is treated, the more favorable the outcome; however, it is never too late for people with dyslexia to learn to improve their language skills.

Common problem areas include spelling, comprehension, reading and identification of words. Estimates vary, but up to five per cent of the population are thought to have dyslexia.

Causes and Risk factors

Those who have dyslexia tend to have normal to high intelligence, but they have poor reading skills. Despite intensive research, the exact causes remain unknown. While most people affected eventually learn to read, they may have severe spelling problems unless they get support and specialised education. Dyslexia isn’t a symptom of low intelligence.

Diagnosis and Treatment

There is no cure for dyslexia, but dyslexic individuals can learn to read and write with appropriate educational support. There are techniques, and technical aids, which manage or even conceal symptoms of the disorder. Since stress and anxiety are contributors to a dyslexics weaknesses in absorbing information, removing these can assist in improving understanding. ...