Allergic Rhinitis or Runny Nose


Ear Nose | Allergy & Immunology | Allergic Rhinitis or Runny Nose (Disease)


Description

Allergic rhinitis is a collection of symptoms, mostly in the nose and eyes, which occur when you breathe in something you are allergic to, such as dust, dander, insect venom, or pollen.

Symptoms that occur shortly after you come into contact with the substance you are allergic to may include: itchy nose, mouth, eyes, throat, skin, or any area; problems with smell; runny nose; sneezing; tearing eyes. Symptoms that may develop later include: nasal congestion; coughing; clogged ears and decreased sense of smell; sore throat; dark circles under the eyes; fatigue and irritability; headache and memory problems and slowed thinking.

Causes and Risk factors

Allergies are common. Heredity and environmental exposures may contribute to a predisposition to allergies. Allergic rhinitis may be seasonal or perennial.

Seasonal allergic rhinitis occurs particularly during pollen seasons. It does not usually develop until after 6 years of age. Perennial allergic rhinitis occurs throughout the year. This type of allergic rhinitis is commonly seen in younger children.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Some disorders may be linked to allergies. These include eczema and asthma. Allergy testing may reveal the substances that trigger the symptoms.

Skin testing is the most common method of allergy testing. The best treatment is to avoid what causes the allergic symptoms. It may be impossible to completely avoid all the triggers, but a person can often take steps to reduce your exposure.

Treatments for allergic rhinitis include: antihistamines, corticosteroids, decongestants or other....