Fibrocystic breast disease
Chest | Gynecology | Fibrocystic breast disease (Disease)
Fibrocystic breast changes or fibrocystic breast disease is a condition of breast tissue affecting an estimated 30-60% of women. It is characterized by noncancerous breast lumps in the breast which can sometimes cause discomfort, often periodically related to hormonal influences from the menstrual cycle.
The condition is very common and benign, meaning that fibrocystic breasts are not malignant (cancerous). Fibrocystic breast disease (FBD), now referred to as fibrocystic changes or fibrocystic breast condition, is the most common cause of lumpy breasts in women and affects more than 60% of women. The condition primarily affects women between the ages of 30 and 50, and tends to become less of a problem after menopause.
Symptoms of fibrocystic breast disease include breast lump, breast tenderness, and breast pain that usually worsens during menstrual periods.
Causes and Risk factors
The most significant contributing factor to fibrocystic breast condition is a womans normal hormonal variation during her monthly cycle. Many hormonal changes occur as a womans body prepares each month for a possible pregnancy. The most important of these hormones are estrogen and progesterone. These two hormones directly affect the breast tissues by causing cells to grow and multiply.
Fibrocystic breast condition is said to primarily affect women age 30 and older. The reason for this is that the condition likely results from a cumulative process of repeated monthly hormonal cycles and the accumulation of fluid, cells, and cellular debris within the breast. The process starts with puberty and continues through menopause. After menopause, fibrocystic breast condition becomes less of a problem.
Diagnosis and Treatment
Treatment of fibrocystic breast disease may include supportive bra, danazol, oral contraceptives, diuretics, bromocriptine, vitamin A, and vitamin E. ...