Fungal infection


Skin | Dermatology | Fungal infection (Disease)


Description

A person with a fungal skin rash has overgrowth of fungus on the surface of the skin. The most common locations include the feet and the groin. Examples include ringworm, athletes foot, and jock itch. Most fungal skin rashes respond well to treatment with nonprescription antifungal creams.

Types of fungal skin infections: athlete’s foot (Tinea pedis), nail infections (Tinea unguium), ringworm of the groin (Tinea cruris), ringworm of the body (Tinea corporis), ringworm of the scalp (Tinea capitis), yeast infections, intertrigo, pityriasis versicolor, thrush (Candida albicans).

The symptoms and appearance of a fungal skin infection depend on the type of fungus causing it and the part of your body affected. Fungal skin infections can cause rashes with a variety of different appearances. Some are red, scaly and itchy. Others may produce a fine scale, similar to dry skin. The fungus can affect just one area or several areas of the body. Fungal skin infections are divided into different groups depending on what type of fungus is involved. Fungi grow as either yeast or mold. Fungi often cause disease in humans through inhalation of spores into the lungs, or by contact on the skin.

Symptoms of a fungal skin rash include itching and pink or red rash that has a raised or scaly border. Fungal rashes spread slowly and may appear darker than the surrounding skin.

Causes and Risk factors

Fungal skin infections usually affect the skin because they live off keratin, a protein that makes up the skin, hair and nails. Fungal infections of the scalp can lead to hair loss. Fungal rashes are sometimes confused with other skin conditions, such as psoriasis and eczema.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Treatment for a fungal skin rash includes topical antifungal cream, oral antifungal medications, and antihistamines for itching. ...