Hepatitis (liver infection)


Abdomen | Gastroenterology | Hepatitis (liver infection) (Disease)


Description

A patient that suffers from hepatitis has an inflammation of the liver. If the liver stops working properly, it can cause serious illness or sometimes even death. Hepatitis may be caused by viruses, alcohol use, infection, chemicals, drug use and other factors.

The term ‘chronic hepatitis’ explains an ongoing inflammation of the liver, irrespective of the underlying cause.

Symptoms of hepatitis can depend on the underlying cause. Initial symptoms of hepatitis may include fever, fatigue, weakness and right upper abdominal pain. In some cases, symptoms of hepatitis may include brown urine, jaundice, and itching. Not everyone with hepatitis has symptoms.

Causes and Risk factors

Infections are most often caused by viruses , including hepatitis A, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, hepatitis D, or hepatitis E viruses.

Hepatitis may occur with limited or no symptoms, but often leads to jaundice, anorexia (poor appetite) and malaise. Hepatitis is considered to be acute when it lasts less than six months and chronic when it persists longer. A group of viruses known as the hepatitis viruses cause most cases of hepatitis worldwide, but it can also be due to toxins, most notably alcohol, certain medications, some industrial organic solvents and plants, other infections and autoimmune diseases.

Diagnosis and Treatment

One of the treatments for hepatitis may include a liver disease diet. Other treatment can include antiviral medications, and medications to control nausea and itching. Those who have severe hepatitis may be candidates for liver transplant. ...