Hyphema (blood in the eye trauma)

Eyes | Ophthalmology | Hyphema (blood in the eye trauma) (Disease)


The anterior chamber of the eye contains a clear liquid fluid called aqueous humor. The aqueous humor is secreted by the ciliary processes in the posterior chamber of the eye. The aqueous humor passes through the pupil into the anterior chamber. The aqueous humor provides important nutrition to the inner structures of the eye.

Hyphema is the medical term that describes the accumulation of blood in the anterior chamber of the eye. Anterior chamber is actually fluid-filled space located between the back of the cornea and the front of the iris, and contains aqueous humor.

Causes and Risk factors

Hiphema may occur in the form of strips as a bloody or blood accumulation in the iris or cornea, depending on severity. Most often occurs after trauma and may cause nepenetrante sudden and severe loss of vision.

Blunt trauma to the eye can cause bleeding in the front (or anterior chamber) of the eye between the cornea and the iris. This bleeding into the anterior chamber of the eye is called a hyphema.

Diagnosis and Treatment

The disease may be complicated over time if not treated with haemosiderosis or heterochromia (the emergence of differences in color of the iris or in the same iris) and even with increased intraocular pressure. In some cases hyphema can resolve spontaneously if blood accumulation is not important, but most often require specialized treatment. Orbital fractures occur after trauma and strong facial bone consist of massive cracks in various degrees. Fracture can involve both orbital walls and floor, and if the force that caused the injury is quite strong, parts of its content can be pushed orbit paranasal sinuses. Patients are left with significant sequelae from these types of injuries, including diplopia and decreased visual acuity.


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