Hypothyroidism


Neck | Endocrinology and Metabolism | Hypothyroidism (Disease)


Description

Hypothyroidism is a condition characterized by abnormally low thyroid hormone production. There are many disorders that result in hypothyroidism. These disorders may directly or indirectly involve the thyroid gland. Because thyroid hormone affects growth, development, and many cellular processes, inadequate thyroid hormone has widespread consequences for the body.

Causes and Risk factors

Thyroid hormones are produced by the thyroid gland. This gland is located in the lower part of the neck, below the Adams apple. The gland wraps around the windpipe (trachea) and has a shape that is similar to a butterfly - formed by two wings (lobes) and attached by a middle part (isthmus).

Diagnosis and Treatment

Hypothyroidism can be easily treated using thyroid hormone medicine. The most effective and reliable thyroid replacement hormone is man-made (synthetic). In most cases, symptoms of hypothyroidism start to improve within the first week after starting the treatment. All symptoms usually disappear within a few months. Infants and children with hypothyroidism should always be treated. Older adults and people who are in poor health may take longer to respond to the medicine. ...