Skin | Obstetrics and Gynaecology | Hysterectomy (Disease)


Cancer, a medical disorder known as a malignant neoplasm, is a large group of various diseases, characterized by unregulated cell growth. Cancer can affect any part of the body. Through the lymphatic system or bloodstream the cancer may also spread to more distant parts of the body.

A tumor can be malign or benign. The benign one is the noncancerous tumor. Cancer cells may also spread via the blood vessels and lymphatic system to form secondary tumors called metastasis.

Some general signs and symptoms associated with, but not specific to, cancer include: fatigue, lump or thickening that can be felt under the skin, skin changes, such as yellowing, darkening or changes to existing moles, persistent cough, persistent indigestion or discomfort after eating, persistent, unexplained muscle or joint pain.

Causes and Risk factors

Cancer occurs when the growth of cells in the body is out of control and cells divide too quickly or when cells forget how to die. Tumor-forming cells develop when the oncogenes (genes controlling cell growth and multiplication) in a cell or cells undergo a series of changes.

Diagnosis and Treatment

A hysterectomy is an operation to remove a womans uterus. The uterus is the place where a baby grows when a woman is pregnant. Sometimes, the ovaries and fallopian tubes also are taken out.

Hysterectomy is designed for women who do not want a pregnancy and who have exhausted other therapeutic options. Hysterectomy can be performed when a womans life is endangered, such as, for example, if severe bleeding during delivery, cervical cancer or endometrial (uterine cancer).

Before having a hysterectomy, it is important to discuss other possible treatments with the health care provider. A hysterectomy will stop your periods, and a person will no longer be able to get pregnant. If the surgery removes both ovaries, the female will enter menopause.