Skin | Preventative Medicine | Infection (Disease)
Streptococcal microorganisms are extremely versatile and common. They are able to invade any part of the body. These organisms are divided into several groups based on the type of protein coating and laboratory characteristics. They are divided into groups A, B, C, D, G, H, K, Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus pneumoniae. The most common etiologic agent of infection is group A streptococcus.
Causes and Risk factors
There are more than 80 types of group A streptococci that cause various diseases. Some of the most common diseases caused by group A streptococci include upper respiratory infections (tonsillitis, pharyngitis, scarlet fever, etc. ), skin infections (impetigo) and inflammatory diseases (such as rheumatic fever or kidney infection). In addition, can cause blood infections that can have severe complications.
Diagnosis and Treatment
Group A streptococcal infections treated with antibiotics, the drug of choice is penicillin. Other antibiotics such as erythromycin and various Cephalosporins are used in patients who are allergic to penicillin.