Ankle Laceration or Cut in Skin
Feet | General Practice | Ankle Laceration or Cut in Skin (Disease)
Laceration is a cut, a torn, an irregular wound. Laceration commonly caused by some blunt trauma. Lacerations and incisions may appear regular, linear or irregular, stellate. The term laceration is usually used when it refers to incisions.
Causes and Risk factors
The individual laceration may be more seriously injured than reported in the initial assessment. There may be internal bleeding or other internal injuries in addition to superficial lacerations. Bacteria, viruses, or foreign bodies may contaminate the wound, causing infection, disease, or delayed healing. Individuals may become infected with the HIV virus after being lacerated with an object that carries a significant amount of blood from an individual infected with HIV.
Diagnosis and Treatment
Treatment of recent lacerations involves examining, cleaning, and closing the wound. If there is a delay in treatment and the laceration occurred more than 6-24 hours before evaluation, it may be preferable to heal by secondary intention, due to the high rate of infection associated with delayed closure.
For simple lacerations, cleaning can be accomplished using a number of different solutions, including tap water, sterile saline solution, or an antiseptic solution, such as hydrogen peroxide.
Infection rates may be lower with the use of tap water in regions where water quality is high. Evidence for the effectiveness of any cleaning of simple wound however is limited. It is important to avoid putting alcohol, hydrogen peroxide, or iodine into a cut, which can delay healing.
Delay in getting medical care can increase the rate of wound infection. If a cut results from a puncture wound through a shoe, there is a high risk of infection. Redness, swelling, increased pain, and pus draining from the wound also indicates an infection that requires professional care....