Labyrinthitis (dizziness and vertigo)


Ear Nose | Otorhinolaryngology | Labyrinthitis (dizziness and vertigo) (Disease)


Description

Labyrinthitis is an inflammation of the inner ear and a form of unilateral vestibular dysfunction. It derives its name from the labyrinths that house the vestibular system (which sense changes in head position). Labyrinthitis can cause balance disorders. Labyrinthitis often follows an upper respiratory tract infection (URI).

Causes and Risk factors

In addition to balance control problems, a labyrinthitis patient may encounter hearing loss and tinnitus. Labyrinthitis is usually caused by a virus, but it can also arise from bacterial infection, head injury, extreme stress, an allergy or as a reaction to a particular medication. Both bacterial and viral labyrinthitis can cause permanent hearing loss, although this is rare.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Treatment depends on the severity of the symptoms. Antihistamines, anticholinergics, sedative-hypnotics, anti-nausea medications, and/or benzodiazepines may all be used. ...