Malaria


Abdomen | Gastroenterology | Malaria (Disease)


Description

There are four species of malaria hematosis: Plasmodium falciparum, Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium ovale and Plasmodium malariae. These parasites live in human liver, then in its red blood cells, a cause whose destruction (hemolysis responsible for anemia), which triggers the febrile access. Malaria is most prevalent disease worldwide, particularly in tropical countries.

The incubation period (the time between mosquitoes and symptoms) often lasts from one to two weeks, but can be up to several months - even years - if the subject took medication antipaludice in preventive, in the latter case, seizures, if there are benign. They can manifest late after discontinuation.

Malaria crises always involves a fit of fever for 40 or 41 C and chills, then a drop in temperature accompanied by heavy sweating and feeling cold. HOT fever occur generally every two days (fever third ), less often every day (daily fever) or every three days (foot block)

Only parasite Plasmodium falciparum is the cause of an accident pernicious (deadly fever in the absence of access to treatment).

Causes and Risk factors

Malaria is a parasitic disease caused by infestation hematosis (unicellular organisms, a particular type of protozoa) of the genus Plasmodium.

Human parasites are transmitted by bites Anopheles (species of mosquitoes) infected woman, who lay their eggs in stagnant waters. parasites present in mosquito saliva, so enter the human blood. They can be transmitted during a blood transfusion or from mother to fetus during pregnancy continues, the parasites invade the liver first, then red blood cells that multiply. Red blood cells and release the parasites infesting disbanded when other blood cells that are able to infest, in turn, mosquitoes during inteparii a person affected.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Treating malaria involves malaria medication. The specific medicine used to treat the disease will depend on the factors. In areas where malaria is common, for uncomplicated malaria cases, treatment does not require a stay in the hospital; however, serious cases of malaria usually do need to be treated in the hospital. In areas where malaria is not common, patients should stay in the hospital to receive their treatment. ...