Molar pregnancy (gestational trophoblastic)

Mouth | Obstetrics and Gynaecology | Molar pregnancy (gestational trophoblastic) (Disease)


A molar pregnancy happens when tissue that normally becomes a fetus instead becomes an abnormal growth in your uterus. Even though it isnt an embryo, this growth triggers symptoms of pregnancy.

A molar pregnancy should be treated right away. This will make sure that all of the tissue is removed. This tissue can cause serious problems in some women.

Causes and Risk factors

A hydatidiform mole, or molar pregnancy, results from over-production of the tissue that is supposed to develop into the placenta. The placenta normally feeds a fetus during pregnancy. In this condition, the tissues develop into an abnormal growth, called a mass.

There are two types: partial molar pregnancy and complete molar pregnancy. A partial molar pregnancy means there is an abnormal placenta and some fetal development. In a complete molar pregnancy, there is an abnormal placenta but no fetus.

Both forms are due to problems during fertilization. The exact cause of fertilization problems are unknown. However, a diet low in protein, animal fat, and vitamin A may play a role.

Diagnosis and Treatment

A pelvic examination may show signs similar to a normal pregnancy, but the size of the womb may be abnormal and the babys heart sounds are absent. There may be some vaginal bleeding.

Treatment includes a dilation and curettage. A hysterectomy may be done for patients not wishing to ever become pregnant. ...

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