Pelvis | Obstetrics and Gynaecology | Neisseria gonorrhea (Disease)
Neisseria gonorrhoeae infection is a contagious disease caused by Gonococcal. It is characterized by inflammation of the genitourinary tract with purulent discharge and painful urination. It is usually transmitted through sexual contact. Neisseria gonorrhoeae infection is the oldest of known venereal diseases transmitted by sexual intercourse and oral sex, as well as from mother to child during birth. It is widespread, but its frequency remains very difficult to establish.
In men urethritis (inflammation of the urethra) is the frequency of events. In women, symptoms are often masked, infection with Neisseria gonorrhoeae declaring himself the form of leucorrhoea (white losses) and local inflammation (cervicitis, Bartholin, cystitis). Infection may reach the ovaries and tubes, can cause even pelviperitonita (peritonitis limited to the tank), and may be due to subsequent sterility. The girl, who can contract the disease by using, for example, a towel contaminated by another user, gonorrhea often occurs with an inflammation of the vulva and vagina. The new-born, the transmission is made at birth and results in a gonococcal ophthalmia.
Causes and Risk factors
Gonorrhea is caused by a bacterial infection of the cervix in women or the urethra in men by the gonococcal bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae. The anus, throat and eyes can also be infected by gonorrhea. Gonorrhea is passed from one person to another during sexual contact that involves vaginal, oral, or anal sex. Gonorrhea infection can also be passed from an infected mother to her baby during vaginal delivery.
Any person who engages in sexual activity can contract and pass on a gonorrhea infection, including heterosexual, homosexual, and bisexual men and women.
Diagnosis and Treatment
Diagnosis is sometimes difficult because of atypical localization: stomatitis and pharyngitis (after report orogenital), anorectal, endocarditis or meningitis consequent detriment of the pharynx. Diagnosis should be confirmed by a laboratory examination directly (smear) or after culture, made from local samplers.
Neisseria gonorrhoeae infection is effectively treated with an antibiotic (penicillin or other antibiotics if the infection is responsible gonorrhea resistant to penicillin). treatment should be early, and the subject must abstain from sex during treatment, preventive sexual partners are treated, even if not present any sign of disease. ...