Ovarian cyst

General or Other | - Others | Ovarian cyst (Disease)


A cyst is a closed sac - or bladder- like structure that is not a normal part of the tissue where it is found.

Cysts are common and can occur anywhere in the body in persons of any age. Cysts usually contain a gaseous, liquid, or semisolid substance. Cysts vary in size; they may be detectable only under a microscope or they can grow so large that they displace normal organs and tissues. The outer wall of a cyst is called the capsule.

The most common type of ovarian cyst is a functional cyst. Functional cysts often form during the menstrual cycle. The two types are: (1) follicle cysts (these cysts form when the sac doesnt break open to release the egg); (2) corpus luteum cysts (these cysts form if the sac doesnt dissolve. Instead, the sac seals off after the egg is released)

Other types of ovarian cysts are: endometriomas, cystadenomas, dermoid cysts, polycystic ovaries.

Causes and Risk factors

Cysts can arise through a variety of processes in the body, including wear and tear or simple obstructions to the flow of fluid, infections, tumors, chronic , inflammatory conditions, genetic (inherited) conditions, and defects in developing organs in the embryo.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Blood and imaging tests will be done tho determine the extent of the disease. The type of cancer will be determined from a biospy or from evaluating the removed ovary.

Surgery is the primary treatment and is often needed to diagnose the disorder. Chemotherapy and radiation therapy may be used after surgery.