Parotitis (inflammation of the salivary gland)

General or Other | - Others | Parotitis (inflammation of the salivary gland) (Disease)


The parotid glands are the saliva-producing glands buried within each cheek. Parotitis is an inflammation of one or both parotid glands. The parotid gland contacts the mandibular ramus and muscles of mastication, which massage the gland during chewing.

Parotitis symptoms usually refers to various symptoms known to a patient, but the phrase Parotitis signs may refer to those signs: swollen parotid glands, swollen glands near jaw and cheek, face pain swelling of the parotid glands, fever, headache, sore throat, swelling of the temples or jaw (temporomandibular area), esticle lump and scrotal swelling.

The signs and symptoms of parotitis can vary among individuals. Some people with parotitis may not realize they have a disease, while others may have severe swelling and pain.

Causes and Risk factors

Salivary gland infections are somewhat common, and they can return in some people.

Viral infections such as mumps often affect the salivary glands (mumps most often causes parotiditis). Mumps is a rare infection today because of immunization with the MMR vaccine.

Bacterial infections usually result from a blockage (such as salivary duct stones) or poor oral hygiene. They can be seen in people who are dehydrated and in the hospital.

Diagnosis and Treatment

An examination by the health care provider or dentist will show that the salivary glands are enlarged. Pus may drain into the mouth. The gland may be painful, most often if there is an infection caused by bacteria. A CT scan or ultrasound may be done if the doctor suspects an abscess.

Fortunately, parotitis can be treated successfully with medications. You can reduce your risk of developing parotitis by practicing good oral hygiene, drinking plenty of fluids, washing your hands, and receiving the MMR vaccine to prevent mumps. ...