Secondary dysmenorrhea (painful periods)

Abdomen | Gynecology | Secondary dysmenorrhea (painful periods) (Disease)


Dysmenorrhea is the medical term for pain in lower abdomen occurring just before or during menstruation. In some women, menstrual pain is mild, in others, however, are severe and prevent physical activity for several days each month. Menstruation is accompanied by leakage of blood cells in the uterus (endometrium), which occurs in women of reproductive age (from puberty to menopause), at the end of each menstrual cycle. Menstruation is absent during pregnancy and lactation.

Causes and Risk factors

Dysmenorrhea - difficult or painful menstruation - affects between 30 and 50% of women of reproductive age. Secondary dysmenorrhea can be caused by several conditions:

It distinguishes primary dysmenorrhea, which corresponds to disruption of ovulatory cycle (the emission of an egg by an ovary) combined with a touch of genitalia and secondary dysmenorrhea, dysmenorrhea called acquired, caused by a disorder of the reproductive organs. Secondary dysmenorrhea is caused by a condition such as endometriosis or uterine fibroids.

Endometriosis is a disease that is characterized by proliferation of endometrial tissue (the lining of the uterus) outside the uterus, usually in the fallopian tubes, ovaries or pelvic tissue.

Adenomyosis is a manifestation of endometriosis in which endometrial tissue is found inside the muscle wall of the uterus (myometrium). Pelvic inflammatory disease - is an infection of the female reproductive organs, usually caused by a bacterium that is transmitted sexually.

Using an intrauterine device (IUD) : These contraceptive devices are inserted into the uterus and can cause intense cramping, especially in the first months after installation. Uterine fibroids and uterine polyps - noncancerous tumors and growths that can protrudes from the uterine lining. An abnormal form or position of the uterus. An obstacle in blood flow between the uterus and vagina through the cervix.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Patients with primary dysmenorrhea can take some measures to relieve pain and reduce discomfort. Its good to know that menstrual pain tend to decrease in intensity as they age and often disappear after the first pregnancy. For secondary dysmenorrhea, treatment is the cause.