Abdomen | Gastroenterology | Emesis Vomiting (Symptom)
Vomiting, along with nausea, a symptom of an underlying disease and not a specific disease itself. Emesis is the medical term for vomiting. Vomiting is the emptying of the stomach by force in which the stomach has to overcome the pressures that are normally in place to keep food and secretions in the stomach.
The causes of vomiting are varied and include food borne diseases, infections, problems with the brain and central nervous system and systemic diseases (whole body).
Some diseases that cause nausea and vomiting, although not directly related to the stomach or gastrointestinal tract. Examples of these diseases can include pneumonia, heart attack, and sepsis. Vomiting may be a side effect of medications, including drugs used in cancer chemotherapy, as well as a side effect of radiotherapy.