Sore or Inflammation of Throat

Throat | Endocrinology and Metabolism | Sore or Inflammation of Throat (Symptom)


Sore throat is the discomfort or a feeling of irritation in the throat which is worse, most times, in swallowing. The pain in the neck is the main symptom seen in pharyngitis (inflammation of the pharynx or throat). Often, the terms throat and sore throat are used interchangeably.


The frequency of this symptom is due to viral infection, flu or cold. Neck pain triggered by a virus, heal them with home care. However, that is triggered by a bacterial infection that requires antibiotics. There may be other reasons for neck pain that may require complex schemes of therapy.

Symptoms of neck pain vary, depending on the cause. These may include: discomfort or feeling of an irritation or scratch in the throat; Pain that worsens during swallowing or speech; Difficulty in swallowing; Dryness of the throat; Presence of swollen or painful glands in the neck or jaw; Swelling and redness of the tonsils; White spots or pus present in the tonsils; Voice hoarseness or obstructed; Refusal to eat (more common in infants and young children). Common infections that could lead to pain in the neck may have other associated signs and symptoms: Fever; Chills; Cough; Runny nose; Sneezing; Muscle pain; Nausea and vomiting.

Most sore throats are caused by viruses that cause colds and flu. In rare cases, they are caused by bacterial infections. Viral infections that cause sore throat include: Cold; Flu; Measles; Chicken pox; Croup - common childhood disease characterized by a harsh cough. Bacterial infections: bacterial disease that can cause sore throat include: Streptococcal infection - which is triggered by a bacterium known as Streptococcus pyogenes or group A streptococcus; Whooping cough - a contagious respiratory tract infection; Diphtheria - severe respiratory disease rarely seen in industrialized countries and more common in developing countries.

Diagnosis and Treatment

If a person has a sore throat he or she should consult the family doctor or paediatrician in case of a child. In some cases there may be needed medical intervention from a specialist.