Inflammation of Tongue

Mouth | Odontologie | Inflammation of Tongue (Symptom)


Inflammation of the tongue is equivalent to nutritional deficiencies, including iron, vitamin B6 and niacin, whereas burned tongue shows that lacks stomach digestive gastric juices.

Normally, the surface of the tongue is covered with small hairs-like formations, called papillae. Inflammation of the tongue (glossitis) violates taste and can cause a number of changes, including discoloration.


The causes include of glossitis include bacterial or viral infections (e. g. oral infection with herpes simplex virus); injury (irritation) tongue by rough edges of teeth decayed or incorrect crown restorations; tongue by burn injury or traumatic factors; exposure to irritants such as cigarette smoke, alcohol, hot foods and various spices; allergic reaction to toothpaste, mouthwash, chewing gum or dyes in candy, denture material it is made, or certain medications (e. g. ACE inhibitors); conditions such as iron deficiency anaemia, pernicious anaemia, vitamin B deficiency, oral lichen planus, erythem, mouth ulcers, penfigus vulgar, syphilis.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Treatment for glossitis depends on the underlying cause. Treatment usually includes good oral hygiene, saltwater gargles three times per day, and tongue brushing three times per day. Depending on the underlying cause glossitis may be treated with antibiotics or vitamin supplements.


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