Obesity and Weight Gain
General or Other | Fitness & Sports Medicine | Obesity and Weight Gain (Symptom)
Weight gain may result from an increase in body water, muscle mass or fat. An increase in body water can come from drugs, fluid and salt retention, intravenous infusion of fluids, kidney or heart failure. An increase in body fat is commonly seen as a result of poor diet or lack of exercise.
Obesity is a chronic disease of multifactor origin that is characterized by excessive accumulation of fat or adipose tissue hypertrophy usually in the body. Weight gain is a normal part of pregnancy.
The health problems that cause weight gain are: (i) Fluid retention is a problem caused by disease, (ii) Growth muscle mass due to physical exercise and sports training, (iii) Increased body fat due to genetic and metabolic characteristics that cause a resting energy expenditure, lower than due and store energy as fat, (iv) Imbalance of energy balance when caloric intake is less than the energy produced foods rich in carbohydrates, (v) Inadequate diet by poor eating habits that balance between complex carbohydrates and fiber.
Diagnosis and Treatment
The best way to treat obesity is to reduce the amount of calories in the daily diet and to exercise regularly. The type of diet and exercise that will benefit each person, and that one can follow safely, will vary from person to person. The General Practitioner should be consulted before making any significant changes in lifestyle.