Periodontitis or Painful Gum

Mouth | Odontologie | Periodontitis or Painful Gum (Symptom)


Gum disease, also known as gingivitis, is where the gums become swollen, sore or infected. In severe cases, a condition called periodontitis can develop.

Periodontitis, commonly called pyorrhea, is a chronic, irreversible disease that may occur with initial gingivitis, and then continue with gingival recession and bone loss to, if not treated, leaving the tooth without bone support. The loss of this support involves the irreparable loss of the tooth itself. Bacterial etiology that affects the periodontium (the tissue supporting the teeth, consisting of the gingiva, alveolar bone, cementum and periodontal ligament) occurs mostly in older adults.


Pain in the gums can be a symptom of gingivitis (gum inflammation) or, more likely to periodontitis (inflammation of the fibers of insertion of the teeth and supporting bone), which may arise due to a number of different causes.

Gum disease is caused by a build-up of plaque on the teeth. Plaque is a sticky substance that contains bacteria. Some bacteria in plaque is harmless, but some is very harmful for the health of your gums.

Hormonal changes during pregnancy can also increase the sensitivity of the gums, which in some cases can lead to pain. Pain in the gums may also arise due to ulcers located on the gums, such as abscesses or aphthous ulcers.