Poisoning


Mouth | Gastroenterology | Poisoning (Symptom)


Description

A poison or toxin is any substance hazardous to the body. Poison can be swallowed, inhaled, inject or absorb through the skin.

Causes

Medicines to the counter and by prescription in too high doses can cause poisoning.

Illegal drug overdose, carbon monoxide from gas-fired appliances, products for home use, such as soap powder for washing clothes or furniture polish, pesticides, indoor and outdoor plants and metals such as lead and mercury are other possible causes of poisoning.

The dangers of poisoning or intoxication vary from short-term illness to brain damage, coma and death. To prevent poisonings is important to use and store the products exactly as indicated by the labels.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Many poisons can be detected in the blood or urine. However, a physician cannot order every test in the book when the diagnosis is unclear. The tests ordered will be based on information revealed in the history and physical exam. A combination of history, physical examination, and laboratory studies will help reveal the cause of most poisonings. Frequently, treatment must begin before all information is available.

Treatment of poisoning depends on the type of poison that caused it.

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