Abdomen | Gastroenterology | Rectal Pain (Symptom)
Anal pain is pain in the anus or rectum and around this area (perianal). Pain itself can be intense because many nerve endings in the area. Some conditions that cause anal pain can also cause rectal bleeding. Anal pain is only rarely indicative of a more serious condition such as colorectal cancer. Anal pain can usually be treated with pain relievers and warm water (sitz bath).
Among the causes of recto-anal pain, the most common are: anal fissure (small tear in the skin of the anus), anorectal fistula (abnormal communication between the anus or rectum into the skin around the anus), colon cancer, constipation, Crohns disease, diarrhea, fecal impaction (hard stool mass n the rectum due to costiveness), hemorrhoids, spasms in the muscles around the anus, perianal hematoma, perirectal abscess (pus in the tissues around the anus), anal pain fugax (sudden, stabbing pain due to spasm of the rectum), proctitis (inflammation of the lining of the rectum), pruritus ani (perianal itching), solitary rectal ulcer (ulcer of the rectum), the thrombosed hemorrhoid, ulcerative colitis, trauma or tumour.