Sadness and Depression

Head | Psychiatry | Sadness and Depression (Symptom)


It is a mood disorder, either from the point of view of psychology from the point of view of psychiatry, but always within the field of psychopathology. According to the medical model of psychiatry is described as a mood disorder and common symptom is a state of despondency and unhappiness that can be transient or permanent.

The medical term refers to a syndrome or set of symptoms that primarily affect the affective sphere. Symptoms include sadness pathological decay, irritability and mood changes that can reduce the performance of work or restrict normal life activity, regardless of its cause is known or unknown. In most cases, the clinical diagnosis must differ from similar expression boxes, such as anxiety disorders. The person suffering from depression may not experiencing sadness, but loss of interest and inability to enjoy usual leisure activities.


Depressed mood is not necessarily a psychiatric disorder. It is a normal reaction to certain life events, a symptom of some medical conditions, and a side effect of some medical treatments. Depressed mood is also a primary or associated feature of certain psychiatric syndromes such as clinical depression. Depression involves a set of symptoms that can last for months and sometimes years. It is not a sign of personal weakness or a condition that can be willed or wished away. People with depression cannot merely pull themselves together and get better.

Patients suffering from the following symptoms may have depression: excessive sadness, problems falling asleep, sleeping too much, problems concentrating, uncontrollable negative thoughts, no appetite, short tempered, feeling helpless, increase in drinking alcohol, increase reckless behaviour, increased fatigue, thoughts life is not worth living.