Buttock Rectum | Gastroenterology | Black Stool (Symptom)
Black stool is a condition characterized by very dark or black color feces. In some cases, such as ingestion of substances or medication like iron supplements or consuming food rich in iron a black stool may be normal.
However, black stool can also be caused by a serious condition, such as bleeding in the digestive tract caused by a peptic ulcer. Black stool that is tarry in texture and foul smelling is often a symptom of upper gastrointestinal bleeding from the esophagus, stomach or small intestine. This is called melena.
The most common cause of melena is peptic ulcer disease. Melena may also be a sign of drug overdose if a patient is taking anti-coagulants, such as warfarin. It is also caused by tumors, especially malignant tumors affecting the esophagus, more commonly the stomach and less commonly the small intestine due to their bleeding surface. Other medical causes of melena include bleeding ulcers, gastritis, esophageal varies, and Mallory-Weiss syndrome.
Rectal bleeding of bright red blood with clots, sometimes mixed with stool, is called hematochezia. Hematochezia is often caused by bleeding from the lower digestive tract, including the colon, rectum or anus. Very small amounts of blood in the stool may be seen by the naked eye and does not significantly change the color of stool. This is called fecal occult blood, which can be a symptom of a serious disease and may be found with regular, routine medical testing.
Diagnosis and Treatment
Treatment depends on the cause and severity of the bleeding. For serious bleeding, it is important ti go to a hospital for monitoring and workup. After the identification of any grave causes leading to black stool, the following treatments must be done – bed rest must be advised - avoid doing any strenuous physical activities - work strictly according to your physician’s guidelines - Do not take, alcohol and other NSAIDs unless prescribed.